Madhyamgram (মধ্যমগ্রাম) is a small town in the district of North 24 Parganas within the Indian state of West Bengal and suburban of Metropolitan City Kolkata, having Calcutta (Kolkata) postal code and telephone zone (33). It is under the jurisdiction of Barasat sadar subdivision within the limit of Barasat and Airport police stations and under the local jurisdiction of Madhyamgram Municipality. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.
History of Madhyamgram is the history of flourishment and downfall. Madhyamgram was in the Kingdom of Raja Protapaditya Roy, one of the twelve feudal provinces of Bengal and Ruler of Jessore during the Mughal regime.
On 20th December, 1757 Mirzafar, the Nawab of Bengal presented twenty four parganas to East India Company as dowry which also included Madhyamgram,under Anwarpur Pargana adjacent to Barasat.
The first Railway line from Madhyamgram to Duttapurkur was commissioned in 1882 when the station was called Chandipur and Madhyamgram was then named as Majher Gaon, probably because the area was situated between Badu (Chakradharpur Mouza) and Sajirhat (Guchuria Mouza).
The present narrow Noai Canal now acting as dividing border line between New Barrackpore and Madhyamgram stretching from the South of Ganganagar to Sajirhat in the West was actually a wide river, once called Labanyabati which through colloquial transformation became Noai river and after years of silt depositions it turned into Noai Canal.
At that time Anwarpur Pargana was famous for tobacco trade and a special sweet smelling blended tobacco was manufactured in Madhyamgram.
Over and above Madhyamgram was also a big paddy growing area and Labanya river was a medium of navigation for export of those products. Besides, Madhyamgram was also famous for fine and beautiful embroidery works and those gratifying beauty was getting appreciation from Kolkata, even Delhi and Mumbai. Many Muslim families used to maintain livelihood through those works.
In this way of historical evolution and step by step development planning we got the present day Madhyamgram.
The climate is tropical, like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon—early June to mid September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer.
Temperature :41 °C in May(Max) and 10 °C in January (Min)
Relative Humidity: Between 50% in March & 90% in July
Places of interest
1. Kolkata Snake Park at Badu host variety of snakes.
As of 2001 India census, Madhyamgram had a population of 155,503. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Madhyamgram has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 71%. In Madhyamgram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Madhyamgram crossing on Jessore Road; traffic jam, including the "cycle-van"sThere is a major textile mill and a rubber factory. The business of the city centres around retailing, though there are dealers who supply mainly to the rest of the district. Madhyamgram also hosts TEL IT NETWORK - an integrated computer hardware and software development unit. However, the major occupation of its residents is service. The proximity to Kolkata helps residents commute daily to Kolkata. The major advance of Madhyamgram is the transportation facility with Road mode and the Local Railway Section. Literally, you can find any bus route direct or connecting from Madhyamgram to and fro Kolkata and bordering towns and villages to Bangladesh.
Most of the Banks and ATM in Madhayamgram are located on Sodepur Road. Allhabad Bank, Axis Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI BANK, Indusind Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Panjab National Bank, State Bank of India, UCO Bank, United Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Union Bank of India opened their branches and ATMs in Madhyamgram.
As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, 118 Madhyamgram assembly constituency covers Madhyamgram municipality and Chandipur Rohanda, Kemia Khamarpara gram panchayats of Barasat II community development block and Ichhapur Nilganj, Paschim Khilkapur and Purba Khilkapur gram panchayats of Barasat I CD Block. Madhyamgram assembly constituency is part of Barasat (Lok Sabha constituency).
Even being a comparatively smaller town, Madhyamgram boasts a number of secondary and higher secondary schools and two graduate colleges, namely, the Vivekananda College and the Acharya Prafulla Chandra College. The latter, though territorially in the New Barrackpur municipality, has a close relationship with Madhyamgram, especially in student composition. The two most famous schools are Madhyamgram High School and Madhyamgram Girls High School. The popular English medium schools are Julien Day School, in Ganganagar and Sudhir Memorial Institute, near Doltala. There are also an Engineering and a management college.Camellia Institute of Technology and Camellia School Of Business Management here. There are also Acharya Prafulla Chandra Girls High School & Acharya Prafulla Chandra Boys High School.
Madhyamgram High School is famous for winning the Subrata Cup, all-India inter-school soccer competition, a record number of times. There are quite a few footballers who hail from Madhyamgram. There are two Football coaching camps - one, in Ward no. 19 at Pallishree playground, started function on and from 12.06.05, and the other, in Ward no. 7 at Basunagar playground, started function on and from 18-9-05 which are organised and managed by the Madhyamgram Municipality. Several number of playground and parks are there where all kinds of outdoor games are being organized. There is one swimming in Pool one in Sukanta Sayar at Ward no. 4 where veteran Coaches are involved for coaching the children all over the year.
Madhyamgram municipality hospital is providing a good health care at a very less cost.It has a good infrastructure for proper treatment. North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination. There are two major Hospitals and many Health centres in Madhaymgram.